A series of developments mark the notable changes that took place over the years in shaping up the CBSE to its present status. UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. It has under its jurisdiction Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In response to the representation made by the Government of United Provinces, the then Government of India suggested to set up a joint Board in 1929 for all the areas which was named as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana’.
But with the emergence of State Universities and State Boards in various parts of the country the jurisdiction of the Board was confined only to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh later. As a result of this, in 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended wherein its jurisdiction was extended to part-C and Part-D territories and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. It was in the year 1962 finally that the Board was reconstituted.
CENTRAL BOARD FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION (CBSE)
One of the popular curriculum standards in India is the CBSE system.
- Standardized curriculum across the country established by the NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training)
- More than 18000 schools offering this curriculum in India and in 24 countries across the world.
- The syllabus is very structured and controlled
- Standardized Textbooks.
- No child can fail a class till 8thgrade
- Most entrance exams conducted in the country for college admission follow this syllabus.
- Board exams are MANDATORY in 10th & 12thGrade
- Favored by those who constantly relocate within India or even abroad to countries in the Middle East etc and seek a standardized curriculum
- Favored by those who want to go into the traditional routes of Engineering/medical
Main objectives of CBSE are
- To define appropriate approaches of academic activities to provide stress free, child centered and holistic education to all children without compromising on quality
- To analyze and monitor the quality of academic activities by collecting the feedback from different stakeholders
- To develop norms for implementation of various academic activities including quality issues; to control and coordinate the implementation of various academic and training programmes of the Board; to organize academic activities and to supervise other agencies involved in the process
- To adapt and innovate methods to achieve academic excellence in conformity with psychological, pedagogical and social principles.
- To encourage schools to document the progress of students in a teacher and student friendly way
- To propose plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education consistent with the National goals
- To organize various capacity building and empowerment programmes to update the professional competency of teachers
- To prescribe conditions of examinations and conduct public examination at the end of Class X and XII. To grant qualifying certificates to successful candidates of the affiliated schools.
- To fulfill the educational requirements of those students whose parents were employed in transferable jobs
- To prescribe and update the course of instructions of examinations
- To affiliate institutions for the purpose of examination and raise the academic standards of the country.
Curriculum Focus at Secondary Level:
This focuses on 7 major learning areas (Actual subjects offered will vary from school to school )
- Languages – Hindi, English, and 32 other languages
- Humanities- Geography, History, Economics, Home Science, Sociology, Fine Arts, Political Science, Fashion Studies, Creative Writing and translation Studies and related subjects
- Science and Technology- Subjects related to Biology, Chemistry, Physics, ICT, Information Practices and Web and Multimedia Studies
- Health and Physical Education
- Visual and Performing arts – Dance, Drama, Music, Drawing, Painting, Crafts and Sculpture
- Commerce – Business Studies, Accountancy, Entrepreneurship, Economics and related subjects
With the changing times both the boards are aiming for active learning. CBSE prescribes a certain teaching approach and have undergone significant change over the past 10 years. The focus has majorly increased on learning through experience and experimentation rather than through one-way teaching.
In India most of the parents are unsatisfied with the standards of education provided by CBSE. They feel that the learning the and grooming process needs to be more thorough in CBSE when compared to what other boards offer.
ASSESSMENT: (As per new changes from 2017-18)
In the CBSE System, instead of 3 exams like Quarterly, half yearly and Annual, there are 4 exams.
The year is divided in to two Terms. At the end of the first term the Mid Term Exams is conducted. And at the end of second term the Final is conducted. At the half way point from the beginning to midterm there is a Pre – midterm exam and at the half way point from mid term to final there is the post – mid term exam.